SRDPS | Women and Child Welfare Society | NGO in India

ujjawala

Trafficking of women and children for immoral activities has become a widespread menace. Annually 4,50,000 and above cases of trafficking are reported globally and above 30,000 in India. Trafficking is carried out for the purposes of organ stealing, commercial sexual exploitation, free and bondage labor, etc. Taking a serious note of this trafficking of women and children menace and wanting to protect the innocent and helpless victims, the Government of India through its Ministry of Women and Child Development has evolved a comprehensive scheme to be implemented by reputed NGOs. Considering the relentless service rendered by SRDPS in the area of Women and Child development, it was selected to implement the Ujjawala Rescue cum Rehabilitation Home project in Tirupattur District in Tamil Nadu in the year 2009. The home has the following personnel to look after the day to day affairs of the shelter namely, Project Director, Social Workers, Clinical Psychologist, Clerk cum Accountant, Guards, Part Time Doctor and Psychiatrist.


TARGET GROUP/BENEFICIARIES
Women and children who are victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation
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The main components of this Ujjawala Scheme are :
Prevention Rescue Rehabilitation Reintegration

The work carried out during the reporting period is described below
prevention
Prevention of trafficking of Women and Children for immoral purposes the measures undertaken are formation of
Community Vigilance Groups Conducting 2 days Workshop/Seminar
Conducting Awareness Generation Programmes Preparation and distribution of IEC Materials to the high risk groups, general public and officials dealing with trafficking.

Roles and Responsibilities of Community Vigilance Groups:
To conduct one awareness, camp every month lasting for minimum 30 minutes To discuss about prevention of trafficking and bonded labour. To share views, ideas and experiences about the above topics.
To document the proceedings of these meetings and get the members affix their signatures to it To disseminate the information provided in meetings and trainings to their friends or counter parts especially in the case of students groups. To carry out the functions of vigilance and reporting on victims of trafficking.

Community Vigilance Groups:

During the reporting period three Community Vigilance Groups in Kandhili, Bargur and Uthangarai are formed with 20 to 25 members consisting of SHG Leaders, President, VAO, Teachers, Petty shop owners, Drivers, lawyers, Primary health centre nurses and police. They participate and are reviewed every month in the monthly review meeting.


Awareness Generation Programme (AGP) :

Street plays, awareness songs, announcements through sound box, pamphlets distribution and video displays were held inKandhili, Pudupettai, Chettiyappanur, Kadhirimangalam, Natrampalli, Ambalur, Puthukoil, Thimmapet, Tirupattur, Pallikonda to raise awareness about Trafficking in personswhich is becoming a serious problem that involves both sexual exploitation and labor exploitation among the victims. Trafficking affects all regions and the majority of countries in the world. Both men and women may be victim of trafficking, but the primary victims worldwide are women and girls. The majority of whom are trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Traffickers primarily target women because they are disproportionately affected by poverty and discrimination factors that deny their access to employment, educational opportunity and other resource. Also the threat of stealing human organs like kidney, eyes, heart, etc prevails. These events are properly documented by the Project Director and Social workers.


DEVELOPMENT AND PRINTING OF AWARENESS GENERATION MATERIALS :

Information, Education and Communication [IEC] materials were developed, printed and distributed in the form of booklets, brochures, posters and handbills using the resource materials prepared through NIPCCD during the training sessions conducted.

RESCUE:

Rescuing victims of trafficking is a three step process as listed under

  Information gathering and communication
  Rescue operation
  Immediate Relief.

Rescue Operation :

After receiving information about the victims of trafficking, it is verified whenever possible and the ujjawala staff proceed to the spot, complete the legal formalities like filing a FIR or CSR and with proper documents the victim is transported to the Ujjawala Rehabilitation Home.

Immediate Relief:

On locating the victim, the staff assess the situation to find out what immediate Relief in the form of medical care, food or refreshments is needed. It is taken care of before proceeding with the other formalities.


REHABILITATION:

The Ujjawala Rehabilitation Home is well equipped with the necessary amenities such as safe place to stay, kitchen, toilets, bathrooms, etc. Soon after admission into the Home the victim is provided with clothes, toiletry items and served with nutritious and freshly cooked food. The other services extended to the Victims of the Ujjawala Home are free legal aid, medical check-up, counselling, recreation, formal education and vocational training for selfemployment and self-reliance. During the reporting year 41 Women and 18 Children were newly admitted in Rehabilitation Home. Of the Victims 32 Women & 18 Children were discharged. From 1.4.2009 the home received 403 Women & Children till date. At the end of the reporting period the number of Victims in the Ujjawala Rehabilitation Home were 47 Women and Children. This Home has a floor area at 2800 sq.ft,. Fire fighting equipments are fitted in strategic places for emergency use, Stock register on clothes like chudidhars, sarees, blouses, petticoats, Children’s

clothes nighties, etc which are meant for distribution to Victims is maintained. All the victims are taught yoga and made to attend group prayer sessions. This would help them be in peace of mind and clarity of thought which could lead to prepare themselves for re-integration.


Protective and Rehabilitative (P&R) Home:

The victims are allowed to stay in the Rehabilitation home till they recover completely from the trauma and feel confident to venture out to take care of themselves. Types of diseases the inmates often suffer from are diabetics, HIV/AIDS, Asthma, fits, Skin diseases, Cracks on heels, blood pressure, Psychiatric disorder, Vitamin deficiency, menses, fever, body pain, cold, cough, etc. The tablets for the above health problems are kept in the home and distributed to the victims when they fall sick.
Vocational Training and Income Generation Activities: Vocational Training in tailoring is given to 28 victims which could help them to start a self-employment venture or an employment in a garment factory, tailoring shop, etc. In addition, Only confidence building songs or movies or devotional movies are shown in on the television only via the closed circuit television. Viewing violence, sex and crimes related songs or movies are prohibited.

RE-INTEGRATION

The first stage is Half –Way Home. After staying in well protected Ujjawala Home the inmates may find the outside world harsh and unfriendly. In this Half-Way-Home 8 Victims are arranged to stay together in a rented building with basic amenities and safety, so that they gradually get integrated into the society. Ujjawala Project provides some money for their maintenance and they are expected to find job to earn money to meet their needs. Even at this stage effort to reconcile them with their family members are continued in order to help them in re-integration.

The Second stage is providing seed money. This money is provided to start some self-employment activity to earn a living using the skill they acquired during their stay in the Ujjawala Home or the skills acquired earlier. The others are encouraged to find a job for their living with dignity.

The third stage of re-integration is Transport and escort. In case of victims who do not know where their parents or relatives live, advertisements are published in the local language and in local editions. If there is a response to the advertisement, the rescued person is entrusted to them. Otherwise, one of the Ujjawala staff escorts the person to the address or town and inquiries with the competent authorities and hands them over to their respective family or relatives.

The fourth stage is to follow-up and networking. After re-integration 5 cases are followed up every year with two visits to ensure that they are well integrated with their families or communities and they are able to earn their living with a reasonably well paying job. Networking with NGOs and other humanitarian organizations are organized to provide the future follow-ups, if necessary.

SENSITIZATION WORKSHOP

A seminar is conducted every year through the Ujjawala project to prevent human trafficking. This year workshop was last held on 10.03.2021 at SRDPS campus. This year, students, transgender community activists, Amirtha Educational Institute, Bharath Karathe in stitu te, Vergal Arakattalai, Vaniyambadi, Vasanth nursery school teachers, community vigilance group members and many others attended. The director gave a presentation on their Ujjawala project. Advocate Mrs. Ammu from vaniyambadi explained to them legally about kidnapping and the penalties against Human trafficking. District Social Welfare Officer Mrs. Murugeshwari attended and explained how women should protect themselves. Mrs. Rani, Assistant Inspector, Police, Tirupattur Rural Police Station, attended and explained how to identify abducted women and children. Certificates were awarded to all who attended the concept workshop.

Constraints faced in implementing the Ujjawala Scheme:
The general public do have a misbelief on such serious problems prevailing in our society. They are reluctant to accept the facts and figures shown during the Awareness Generation Programme or meetings. We try hard regularly to convince people and students to become members of the Community Vigilance Groups, Balika and Balala Groups.
The members of these groups and the public hesitate to report about victims of trafficking fearing consequences Some members insist on admitting women who are very old or disabled children who do not fall under the criteria of Ujjawala Scheme for admission.
The expensive and well prepared IEC Materials are not received well or read by the people and they are thrown away thinking that these descriptions and the data mentioned are concerned the a NGO or the Government The police officials often do not show interest in dealing with cases of trafficking.
The women pushed into prostitution because of poverty and circumstances are largely exploited by their pimps. They are given only a small portion of the money the pimps collect from the male customers. So they are desperately defensive and non-cooperative with Ujjawala Staff When the prostitutes are admitted, they hide cell phones and contact their pimps and lawyers which create problems against the smooth functioning of the Ujjawala Home.

Apart from the above:

SRDPS accepts abandoned and rescued newborn babies and young children handed over by the District Social Welfare Officers, Police stations, Hospitals, Village Administrative Officers and Child Welfare Committee. An advertisement in the newspaper is given with photographs for the purpose of locating their parents. When the parents or claimants approach us, verification is carried out as far as possible. After completing the documentation formalities, the babies or children are handed over to the parents. Until such formalities are completed the babies and children are taken good care in the home with adequate nutrition, medical and nursing care.