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Pongal, also known as the 'Dravidian Harvest Festival,' dates back thousands of years to the Sangam Age. Historians speculate that it is at least 2,000 years old and was once celebrated as Thai Niradal. The term 'Pongal' has its roots in Tamil literature and literally means 'to boil.' This Hindu festival is celebrated in South India, notably among the Tamils, in January-February each year when rice, sugarcane, turmeric, and other crops are harvested.

This four-day celebration involves various activities on each day: Bhogi (the first); Thai Pongal (the second); Mattu Pongal (the third); and Kaanum Pongal (the fourth).